Lydbury Language Forum

General => Language Questions => Topic started by: longman3575 on October 16, 2018, 04:06:29 am

Title: references - it, them
Post by: longman3575 on October 16, 2018, 04:06:29 am
1. What does the first underlined part refer to?
2. What does the second underlined part refer to?

  Good practice guidelines suggest that introducing a clear division of responsibilities results in better outcomes. Often it works best if certain functions are shifted out of waste management to other municipal organizations, even if this contradicts the principle of coherent institutional structure. For example, in the modernization of municipal waste management in Hungary during the early 1990s, functions such as managing parking meters, operating the nursery for street plantings, and managing sport facilities were shifted to another municipal entity, giving the municipal waste company a clearer mission and focus. When a municipality decides to stop operating its collection system, for instance, and contract it out to private operators, it may close its operational division, but the functions of supervisor, comptroller, regulator and adjudicator still remain. This is because public cleanliness and public health are ‘public goods’, and the local authority holds the responsibility for ensuring that there is an integrated sustainable (solid) waste management system, which delivers them.
Title: Re: references - it, them
Post by: admin on October 16, 2018, 11:25:58 am
it - is a pleonastic it. It doesn't really mean anything but provide a subject that the verb "works" needs. In sense, it refers back to the act of introducing.
the waste management delivers them - the public cleanliness and public health.
Title: Re: references - it, them
Post by: Britta on October 16, 2018, 03:42:41 pm
in the last sentence them refers to  ‘public goods’, i.e. public cleanliness and public health